Since the beginning of civilization in the Indus Valley around 8000 years ago, the history of India is still ceaseless. Witnessing the rise and fall of thousands of dynasties, India bears several historical places of the country.
Here are some of the Historical Places in India:
1. Taj Mahal, Agra
On the bank of the river Yamuna of Agra stands the 7 Wonders of the world Taj Mahal. The ivory-white marble mausoleum attracts thousands of visitors worldwide.
The Taj Mahal symbolizes the eternal love of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz. Mughal emperor Shah Jahan commissioned the construction of the Taj Mahal in 1632 after the death of his favorite Begam Mumtaz. The monument also houses the tomb of Shah Jahan himself.
2. India Gate, Delhi
Nestled astride the Rajpath, the 42-meter tall India Gate is the memorial of the martyred. The establishment of this monument was in 1921, after World War I.
During the Afghan War of 1919, around 90,000 Indian soldiers of the British Indian Army lost their life. To commemorate the sacrifice of these soldiers, the Defence Ministry of India held a parade on Republic Day every year.
3. Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
Rich with the history of the Mughal dynasty, Agra Fort attracts tourists all over the world. Located 2.5km northwest of the Taj Mahal, this place is also on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites.
Until 1638, Agra was the capital of the Mughal dynasty, and Agra fort was the residence of several emperors. However, that is not the only thing. The fort has also witnessed several ups and downs of the country.
4. Red Fort, Delhi
Red fort or Laal Quila is another famous monument of India. The aesthetic architecture of the fort makes it unique.
After Badshah Shah Jahan changed his capital to Delhi, he started the construction of Laal Fort. It took over 10 years to complete. Made of limestone, the fort also once used to be white. However, during the British era they painted it red.
5. Victoria Memorial, Kolkata
The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata is as graceful and elegant as the Queen of England, Victoria was. Reflecting the brilliant Indo-Saracenic architecture of the era, the palace looks enchanting.
The establishment of the Victoria Memorial was to commemorate Queen Victoria. The Lord Surgeon suggested building this grand memorial for her.
6. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
With 953 tiny windows of intricate latticework, Hawa Mahal is a sight to behold. This palace is also well-known as one of the tallest buildings in the world.
In 1799, Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built this crown-like palace inspired by the structure of Khetri Mahal. He was the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, the founder of the city of Jaipur.
7. Gateway of India, Mumbai
This gateway in Mumbai is one of the most famous tourist spots in the world. Constructed as an entrance during the British era, now become a lively place for travelers. It is also a popular picnic site for the locals.
The gateway of India is a memorial of the first visit of a British monarch to India. The emperor of India, George V, with empress consort Mary of Teck, arrived in India at Apollo Bunder, Mumbai, on 2nd December 1911.
8. Charminar, Hyderabad
Charminar is one of the best historical places to visit in India. The purpose of building this fort is to celebrate the end of the plague in the city and to depict that you can see a cat’s head built on one of the arches to scare away rats that had once almost destroyed Hyderabad.
This monument gets its name because of its four long pillars or seminars that measure almost 20 meters. It is an exquisite site and is also considered mysterious since there is a secret tunnel from here to Golconda Fort.
Also Read: Try the best Dishes of Hyderabadi Cuisine
9. Mysore Palace, Mysore
This beautiful and elegant Mysore palace looks like the palaces we read about in the books of a fairytale. This grand mansion was made by the Wodeyars, the royal family of Mysore.
The palace has aisles decorated with jewels, stained glass windows, open mandaps, and even a throne. The palace looks enchanting during the Dussehra festival.
10. Qutub Minar, Delhi
Qutub Minar was built to depict the first Muslim kingdom in northern India. It stands at an incredible height of 240ft but the most interesting fact about this historical monument of India is that it has an iron pillar that has not rusted even though it has been over 2,000 years.
The best time to visit would be in October or November when the Qutub Minar festival is held. Don’t forget to attend the light show in the evening.